In order to gain something from life we must retain traces of experiences undergone, where memory comes to our aid. The conscious memory can have shortcomings with blurred an indefinite impressions.
Modern psychology affirms that the subconscious mind remembers everything. This subconscious memory has a wonderful mobility and everything is there on record, though we are not consciously aware of it.
Montessori called the greater memory the “Mneme”. Only a very small part of the mneme penetrates the conscious limits, we call this the “memory” all the experience’s through which an individual passes in life is retained in the Mneme including the infinitesimal parts that enter the consciousness.
It is not accumulation of memories that is left in the Mneme but a power to recall experiences to the conscious memory whence they have dropped.
The power to recall these experiences is strengthened through personal activity and repetition of exercises.
In using this method in our schools the child’s intellectual powers become far more numerous, whereas in other systems the object is to store knowledge in the conscious memory and no opportunity is given to the child, by continuous and varied experience, to increase the power to recall knowledge stored in the subconscious memory.
Scientific observations then has established that education is not what the teacher gives : education is a natural process spontaneously carried out by the human individual, and is acquired not by listening to words but by experiences upon the environment.
Quote Mrs. Duyker Founder of ‘Montessori School’ Kingsley WA 1997
“The learning brain, memory and brain development in children” By Torkel and Klingberg.
“Subcortical structures and cognition” by Leonatd Koziol. “Journal of Experimental Social Psychology” by Rattman, Good and Dweek.